CEFR Language Exam Resource Centre
CEFR Language Exam Resource Centre

Passive – ISE II Trinity Grammar Function

Passive – ISE II Trinity Grammar Function

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Sentences can be active or passive.

Active Form

In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.

[Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]

Example

The doctor cures the patients

Robert opened the door

Passive Form

In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence.

You can use the passive form if:

  1. You think that the thing receiving the action is more important than the thing doing the action.
  2. The thing doing the action is unknown

 

[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]

Examples

Passive ISE II Trinity Grammar Function B2


Passive – ISE II Trinity Grammar Function